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Southern Railway

SR Locomotives, History, Electrification, Carriages and Wagons

Covering the southern areas of Britain, the Southern Railway (SR) was formed as one of the ‘Big Four’ railway companies at the 1923 Grouping.  It operated all the main lines from London in the south-east and competed with the Great Western Railway on routes to the south-west.  The major pre-grouping constituent companies which formed the Southern were the: London & South Western Railway (LSWR), South Eastern and Chatham Railway (SECR), and London, Brighton & South Coast Railway (LBSCR).

 

Under the overall direction of Sir Herbert Walker, the SR was noted for its pioneering role in modern mainline electrification with expansion of third rail electrified track during the 1920s and 1930s.  Passenger operations, rather than freight, were far more important to the SR than other companies, particularly its London suburban services.  Holiday traffic to the southern coastal areas was a major source of revenue with excursion traffic as well as regular titled prestige express services, such as the Atlantic Coast Express, Brighton Belle and Night Ferry.  SR publicity was renowned for its adoption of contemporary artistic styles to promote electrification, suburban services and coastal destinations.   

 

SR motive power was under the direction of its two chief mechanical engineers, R.E.L. Maunsell to 1937 and O.V.S. Bulleid thereafter until nationalisation. During the 1920s Maunsell produced the 4-6-0 Lord Nelson and 4-4-0 Schools steam locomotive classes and Bulleid developed the Pacific 4-6-2’s design with the Merchant Navy, West Country and Battle of Britain classes.  DC electric multiple units (EMUs) operated the suburban services.

 

The company became a constituent part of the new British Railways (BR) on nationalisation of the railways in 1948.    

 

We have a comprehensive selection of books covering all aspects of the SR and these can be reviewed in total or through the sub-categories on the left of this page.  Click the book image for more details including the examples we have in stock.

  

© Transport Store 2016

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Railways in West Sussex by ADAMS, Caroline; GAGE, Bill; HAYES, Martin & McCANN, Timothy
ADAMS, Caroline; GAGE, Bill; HAYES, Martin & McCANN, Timothy
Railways in West Sussex

Local History Mini-Guide Sources No. 4

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Southern Steam in Camera  by ADAMS, John & WHITEHOUSE, Patrick
ADAMS, John & WHITEHOUSE, Patrick
Southern Steam in Camera

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London's Railways From the Air by Aerofilms
Aerofilms
London's Railways From the Air

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Titans of the Track - Southern Railway No. 2 by ALLAN, Ian (ed.)
ALLAN, Ian (ed.)
Titans of the Track - Southern Railway No. 2

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The Bulleid Pacifics of the Southern Region  by ALLEN, Cecil J. & TOWNROE, S.C.
ALLEN, Cecil J. & TOWNROE, S.C.
The Bulleid Pacifics of the Southern Region

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The Southern Since 1948  by ALLEN, G. Freeman
ALLEN, G. Freeman
The Southern Since 1948

Southern Region described by Freeman Allen and accompanied by numerous photographs throughout. This volume includes the modernisation plan, the end of steam, electrification, the Beeching impact, Pullmans and channel services, and 1980s sectorisation.

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London Steam in the 1930s - Photographs from the Wethersett Collection by ALLEN, G. Freeman
ALLEN, G. Freeman
London Steam in the 1930s - Photographs from the Wethersett Collection

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The Railways of the Isle of Wight by ALLEN, P.C.
ALLEN, P.C.
The Railways of the Isle of Wight

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Rails in the Isle of Wight  by ALLEN, P.C. & MACLEOD, A.B.
ALLEN, P.C. & MACLEOD, A.B.
Rails in the Isle of Wight

History and operations of the railways on the Isle of Wight, supported with photographs throughout. Appendices provide detail on the rolling stock and liveries, signalling, gradients, the Ryde Pier Tramway and the steamer ferries.

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